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How sustainable is Louis Vuitton ?

Louis Vuitton & sustainability


Louis Vuitton
First milestones, should be better Click here for score rapport: 6 out of 36

Sustainability summary

Louis Vuitton has achieved the D-label. Louis Vuitton has started to take sustainability into account. Still, a lot more can be done.

Brand owner: LVMH
Head office: Paris, France
Sector: Luxury brands
Categories : Male, Female
Free Tags: LVMH, Bags, Shirts, Pullover, Suits, Jackets, Dress, Shoes, Boots

What's your sustainability news about Louis Vuitton?

Louis Vuitton sustainability score report

Last edited: 24 January 2017 by Brianna
Last reviewed: 24 January 2017 by Mario

Questions about Climate Change/ Carbon Emissions

1 out of 6
1. Is there a policy for the brand to minimize, reduce or compensate carbon emissions? LVMH (brand owner of Louis Vuitton) implements several measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, such as the implementation of energy efficiency measures (see link, pages 17, 42-50). Source
2. Has the brand (company) disclosed the annual absolute carbon footprint of its 'own operations' (Scope 1 & 2) and has the brand already reduced or compensated 10% of these emissions in the last 5 years? LVMH has published its climate footprint. For the group “Fashion and Leather Goods” CO2e emissions rose by around 24% in 2015 (159,044 metric tonnes CO2e) compared to 2014 (128,364 metric tonnes CO2e) (see link, page 44). Source
3. Is at least 50% of the electricity used by the brand (company) generated from renewable resources, such as wind or solar energy? LVMH communicates electricity accounts for 70% of the total energy consumed, that the group “Fashion and Leather Goods” consumes most energy (36%), and that 4% of energy consumption is renewable energy (to some extent generated on-site) (see link, page 48-50). Source
4. Is all the electricity used by the brand (company) generated from renewable resources, such as wind or solar energy? See remark for carbon emissions policy question 3. Source
5. Has the brand (company) set a target to reduce its absolute ‘own operations’ carbon emissions by at least 20% within the next 5 years? LVMH has set a target to reduce its direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions (across all manufacturing sites, logistics centers and stores) 25% by 2020 compared to consumption in 2013 (see link, page 12). Source
6. Does the brand (company) have a policy and reports on tangible results to reduce / compensate carbon emissions generated from the production chain (Scope 3)? LVMH does not communicate a concrete policy to reduce the climate emissions in the supply chain that is beyond own operations. Only emissions by upstream transportation in 2015 are specified (“Fashion and Leather Goods”: 17,701 metric tonnes CO2e in total) (see link, pages 42-51 & 64). Source

Questions about Environmental Policy

3 out of 16
1. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 5% of its volume? LVMH has defined a sustainable raw material strategy, such as striving to obtain sustainable cotton supplies. However, the overall proportion of preferable raw materials used in Louis Vuitton products is not communicated. (see link, pages, 7, 10, 27,32 & 38-39). Source
2. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 10% of its volume? See remark for environmental policy question 1. Source
3. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 25% of its volume? See remark for environmental policy question 1. Source
4. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 50% of its volume? See remark for environmental policy question 1. Source
5. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 75% of its volume? See remark for environmental policy question 1. Source
6. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 90% of its volume? See remark for environmental policy question 1. Source
7. Does the brand have a clear and effective policy to avoid the use of leather that originates from cattle farms in deforestated Amazone areas? LVMH implements measures concerning traceability and sustainability of exotic leathers, but does not clearly communicate if sourcing leather originating from cattle farms in deforestated Amazone areas is avoided (see link, pages 10, 27 & 38). Source
8. Does the brand (company) have a clear and effective policy to minimize environmental pollution of chromium and other harmful substances from leather tanning processes, e.g. by waste water treatment or by vegetable tanning? LVMH reports membership at “Leather Working Group” (LWG) since 2012 and lists "tanning" as one of its main concerns, but does not specify clear results with regard to Louis Vuitton products, respectively its “Fashion and Leather Goods” group (see link, page 10 & 27). Source
9. Is there a policy for the brand (company) to eliminate all hazardous chemicals from the whole lifecycle and all production procedures to make the garments? LVMH reports to incorporate the European REACH regulatory requirements, but has not published any commitment to eliminate all hazardous chemicals from the whole life cycle of clothing products (see link, pages 41-42). Source
10. Has the brand (company) eliminated at least one suspect chemical group, such as Phthalates or Per fluorinated chemicals from its entire garment production? LVMH does not report whether at least 1 out of 11 suspect chemical groups, such as Heavy Metals or Chlorophenols can be considered as fully phased-out in the entire production chain. Source
11. Has the brand (company) eliminated at least three suspect chemical groups, such as Phthalates or Per fluorinated chemicals from its entire garment production? See remark for environmental policy question 10. Source
12. Does the brand (company) have a clear target to phase out PVC in their products, and has the brand already achieved a PVC phase out level of more than 90%? Neither LVMH nor Louis Vuitton does report about having a plan to phase out PVC in their products. Source
13. Has the brand (company) a clear and effective policy to minimize the use of solvents based chemicals in their shoe production, and has the brand already achieved a level of average max. 40 grams of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) emissions per pair of shoes? LVMH claims to actively monitor VOC emissions in their production processes. However, no specific details could be found regarding their VOC emissions per pair of shoes (see link, page 45). Source
14. Does the brand (company) have clear objectives to minimize the environmental impact of its shipping packaging and carrier bags, by reducing, re-using, recycling and responsible sourcing of packaging materials, and does the brand annually report on these results? LVMH implements measures to reduce the environmental impact of its packaging given to customers, and reports a packaging materials footprint of 6,128 metric tonnes in 2015 for “Fashion and Leather Goods”, which, however, corresponds to an increase of around 20% compared to 5,099 in 2014 (see link, pages 35-37). Source
15. Does the brand (company) have clear objectives to minimize waste, by reducing, re-using and recycling, and does the brand annually report the results? LVMH implements measures related to its waste production, such as recycling or reusing raw materials. LVMH's “Fashion and Feather Goods” group reports a waste production of 9,886 metric tonnes in 2015 (recovery rate at 63%), which corresponds to an increase of around 3.8% compared to 2014 (see link, page 56-57). Source
16. Does the brand (company) encourage the return or re-use of garments? Louis Vuitton offers its customers the opportunity to make use of its repair service (see also link at previous question, page 38). Source

Questions about Labour Conditions/ Fair Trade

2 out of 14
1. Does the brand (company) have a supplier Code of Conduct (CoC) which includes the following standards: No forced or slave labor, no child labor, no discrimination of any kind and a safe and hygienic workplace? LVMH mentions a supplier Code of Conduct (CoC), which mentions all four standards (see link, pages 1-2). Source
2. Does this CoC include at least two of the following workers rights: 1. to have a formally registered employment relationship 2. to have a maximum working week of 48 hours with voluntary and paid overtime of 12 hours maximum 3. to have a sufficient living wage? 1. Not mentioned; 2. No, the maximum working week is 60 hours including all overtime. However, its unclear whether overtime is voluntary and paid at premium rate; 3.No, only compliance with local laws mentioned (see link, pages 1-2). Source
3. Does this Code of Conduct include the right for workers to form and join trade unions and bargain collectively; and in those situations where these rights are restricted under law, the right to facilitate parallel means of independent and free association and bargaining? Freedom of association is mentioned, but nothing found about situations in which this right is restricted by law (see link, page 2) Source
4. Does this labour conditions policy also apply further down the production chains, at least covering the leather production or the animal farms? LVMH's supplier Code of Conduct is applicable for all its suppliers, their factories, subcontractors, as well as their own suppliers (see link, page 1). Source
5. Does the brand (company) have a published list of direct suppliers, that have collectively contributed to more than 90% of the purchase volume? LVMH does not provide a significant list of direct suppliers on their websites. However, LVMH reports, that 64% of external manufacturing takes place in Europe, 18% in Asia, 9% in North America, and 9% in other countries (see link, page 34). Source
6. Is the brand (company) a member of a collective initiative that aims to improve labor conditions, or does the brand (company) purchase its supplies from accredited factories with improved labor conditions? Neither LVMH nor Louis Vuitton communicate any information about being part of a collective initiative or purchasing from accredited suppliers (see link, page 12). Source
7. Do independent civil society organizations like NGO's and labor unions have a decisive voice in this collective initiative or in these certification schemes? See remark for labor conditions policy question 6. Source
8. Is there a policy for the brand (company) for capacity building at the apparel manufacturers for improved labour practices? LVMH does not provide concrete information on capacity building measures at its supplying production facilities for improved labour practices. Source
9. Does the brand (company) annually report on the results of its labor conditions policy? Is at least 90% of the brands production volume from apparel manufacturers monitored for labour conditions? LVMH publishes an overview of the auditing process. But, it remains unclear whether at least 90% of its production volume for “Fashion and Leather Goods” were monitored in 2015. In addition, LVMH does not clearly and comprehensively specify results of its implemented measures to improve labor conditions at its supplying factories (see link, page 43). Source
10. Is at least 25% of the production volume from apparel manufacturers approved as socially compliant by independent third parties, such as FWF, GOTS or SA8000? 42% of audited suppliers showed results in line with the LVMH's standards. But, it remains unclear whether at least 25% of the production volume is verified as compliant against the standards from eligible third parties or certification schemes, such as SA8000 or GOTS (see link, page 86). Source
11. Is at least 50% of the production volume from apparel manufacturers approved as socially compliant by independent third parties, such as FWF, GOTS or SA8000? See remark for labor conditions policy question 10. Source
12. Does the brand (company) implement a policy to establish the payment of living wages at its apparel manufacturers? Are at least first living wage payments realised? LVMH does not provide concrete information about policy measures to establish the payment of living wages at its direct suppliers. Source
13. Does the brand (company) annually report on the results of its labor conditions policy for the leather, yarn and fabric production phases, including a reasonable overview of the number and region of workplaces covered by the policy in relation to the total production volume? LVMH reports that the fabric suppliers for the different “Fashion and Leather” group companies are often Italian, but on a non-exclusive basis. Still, LVHM does not report on results of its labour conditions policy for the fabric manufacturing phases (see link, pages 14 -16). Source
14. Are at least 50% of the brand's leather, yarn and fabric production phases approved as socially compliant by independent third parties, such as FLO-Cert, GOTS or SA8000? See remark for labor conditions policy question 13. Source